Caoe Cod Trust Administration
IRA Inheritance Trust (TM)
The Newest, Breakthrough, IRS Approved Trust Strategy
(A Free Report on the IRA Inheritance TrustTM)
Virtually every owner of an IRA worth over $150,000 wants to maximize both the income tax "stretch-out" and protection of the IRA, when inherited, from beneficiaries’ spouses, divorces, lawsuits, creditors and additional estate taxes when the IRA passes down to the next generation.
IRAs May Now Represent The Largest Single Asset Your Loved Ones Will Inherit!
As more "baby boomers" are retiring and rolling over large 401(k) and other retirement plans to IRAs, proper tax and estate planning for IRAs have become increasingly important.
When an IRA owner becomes age 70½, he or she must soon begin to take withdrawals or Required Minimum Distributions ("RMDs") and pay federal and state income taxes on those withdrawals at his or her highest rate brackets (unless the IRA is a "Roth", in which case, the withdrawals may be income tax free).
Effective January 1, 2003, the IRS changed its RMD rules, allowing a non-spouse beneficiary (for example, a child) to take or "stretch-out" the taxable RMDs over a much longer period, using his or her own life expectancy rather than the shorter life expectancy of the original IRA owner (the parent). This means that the money inside an inherited IRA may now compound much longer, tax deferred.
For example, let’s take a child age 45 (at the time of his parent’s death) who inherits a $200,000 IRA and withdraws only RMDs. If the IRA grows, from both income and principal appreciation, at the rate of 6% a year, then 30 years later when the child is age 75, the child will have taken over $400,000 in RMDs and still have almost $300,000 left in the IRA to use over his or her later years or pass down to his or her children (the original IRA owner’s grandchildren).
To sum it up, the original $200,000 inherited IRA became worth over $700,000 to that family! (And that doesn’t include the future value of the RMDs if they’re placed into an investment account.) If we assume the IRA will be worth over $200,000 when the owner passes, or will earn a higher rate of annual return, or will go to a younger beneficiary, that IRA may eventually be worth well over $1 Million!
In other words, IRAs may now be a huge part of a family’s financial future, perhaps for generations – and now large IRAs require a higher level of tax and estate planning.
Warning: This New IRA Tax "Stretch-out" is Not Automatic!
Many IRA owners and their professional advisors "assume" that the IRA beneficiaries will make the right "stretch-out" decisions, or at least seek the advisor’s help before they take withdrawals. Unfortunately, we have found, after handling many estates, this is often not the case when the IRA owner dies.
The beneficiaries are not prohibited from withdrawing more than the RMDs and may instead decided to cash out the IRA earlier than required, blowing the stretch-out. This happens because beneficiaries are:
- Not aware of the RMD rules and their choices.
- See themselves listed as beneficiaries on an account and immediately transfer it into their own names.
- Go to the custodian asking what to do, are given a check and then immediately cash and deposit it in their own accounts.
- Do what they think (wrongly) is a tax-free rollover to their own IRAs.- Just can’t wait to get their hands on the IRA money or are influenced by a spouse or some other third-party to grab and spend it!
Yanking the IRA money out too quickly - resulting in what we call the "blowout" - may force a family to pay all the taxes up front and lose over one-third of the IRA’s future value - literally throwing away hundreds of thousands of dollars, or even millions!
Even if the IRA Owner has Smart, Responsible Beneficiaries And Thinks the "Stretch-out" Is Not a Concern Consider This...
Let’s assume the IRA beneficiary will properly do the RMD "stretch-out" and pay the taxes gradually over his or her lifetime. A lot can still go wrong.
This became very clear after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Clark v. Rameker. In Clark an woman who had inherited her mother's IRA filed for Bankruptcy protection. In her filing she had reported the inherited IRA as an asset that should be exempt from the bankruptcy and protected from the claims of her creditors. Local law allowed a bankruptcy petitioner to exclude "retirement accounts" from being used to pay the claims of creditors. The Trustee in the Bankruptcy Court argued that the Inheritied IRA should be available to her creditors. Eventually, the case made its way up to the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court held that because Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) from an Inherited IRA must be taken beginning the year after the death of the original owner, regardless of the age of the person who inheirits the IRA, and can not be deferred until retirement, an Inherited IRA is not a "retirement account". The Inherited IRA is not protected in bankruptcy! This means that an heir may be forced to give up an inherited IRA. The Court's decision of June 12, 2014 is one more reason why proper planning for retirement accounts is a critical component in the modern estate plan!
When a beneficiary receives an inheritance directly, as is the case when an individual is named directly as the beneficiary of an IRA, his or her inheritance can then be exposed to a number of other significant problems:
- A beneficiary’s spouse may take some or all of the Inherited IRA in a DIVORCE! (The income tax laws, allowing an IRA transfer in a divorce to be tax-free, actually encourage the spouse to grab it. Keep in mind the statistical chance of a divorce is now over 50%!)
- The wrong people may later inherit the IRA (the child, as initial beneficiary, could name his or her spouse as next beneficiary, thereafter that spouse’s next husband or wife, or that spouse’s children of another marriage could inherit the account!)
- The beneficiary, his or her spouse or children may have poor spending habits (be "spendthrifts"!)
- The beneficiary may lack good money management/investment skills.
- If the beneficiary is too young, elderly or disabled, he or she may not be able to properly manage his or her own affairs - without unwanted court intervention.
- A beneficiary who now or later in life receives needs-based government benefits (like Medicaid nursing care benefits or supplemental disability income) may not qualify for or lose those benefits.
- In most states an IRA is not creditor protected and can be grabbed in a lawsuit, even a bogus one that forces a beneficiary to settle!
In other words, an inherited IRA not only needs to take advantage of "stretch-out" but needs protection too - the kind that a trust can provided (which now leads us to the significance of the IRS’ approval of our IRA Inheritance TrustTM strategy).
The IRS Hasn’t Liked Trusts as IRA Beneficiaries - Until Now!
In its RMD regulations and previous rulings, the IRS has made it very difficult for an IRA inherited through a trust to both qualify for maximum tax "stretch-out" using each primary beneficiary’s own life expectancy and also achieve the higher level of asset protection afforded by a trust that may accumulate the RMDs and hold them for future distribution. Generally, one benefit had to be traded off for the other.
The new "IRA Inheritance Trust™" now permits the IRA owner and his or her family to enjoy maximum "stretch-out" and protection benefits at the same time. The protective features of this trust have previously been tested and proven over many years of court decisions. And now, finally, the IRS has approved the income tax "stretch-out" feature as well (see the Private Letter Ruling). This new standalone IRA beneficiary trust is not the "garden variety" that has existed for some time, but rather represents a huge breakthrough. The IRA Inheritance Trust™ is the most advanced "next generation" trust that solves many earlier, tricky drafting problems associated with maximizing both the stretch-out and protection benefits.
Pension Protection Act of 2006 Makes the IRA Inheritance Trust™ Even Better!
Effective January 1, 2007 the Pension Protection Act (PPA) significantly widened the application of the IRA Inheritance Trust™ to people who may never have considered this valuable planning tool before. The PPA permits non-spouse beneficiaries of company plans, or a Trust established on the beneficiaries’ behalf, to do a rollover into an "inherited IRA" after the plan participant passes away. In other words, a company plan participant can set up the IRA Inheritance Trust ™ now, make it the beneficiary of the plan and let the IRA rollover occur later!
Now, if someone has more than $150,000 in company plans, is still working but has not reached normal retirement age, or has retired but left these moneys in the company plan, this plan participant can take advantage of the stretch-out and protection benefits for his or her family available through the IRA Inheritance Trust ™.
If you haven’t seriously considered the IRA Inheritance Trust™ because you are still working or have retired but still have money in the company plan, you definitely need to look into it right away!
Who Should Get an IRA Inheritance Trust™?
For anyone who has IRAs (including those owned by his or her spouse) and/or 401(k) or other retirement plans that total over $150,000 - this IRA Inheritance Trust™ is virtually a "no-brainer" decision.
Simply stated, the income tax reduction and asset protection planning that this trust now provides may save a million dollars or more for that IRA owner’s (or retirement plan participant’s) family!
For More Information Contact
The Law Office of Boyd & Boyd, P.C.
The Law Offices of
Boyd & Boyd, P.C.
Estate & Trust: Planning, Administration & Management, Wealth Preservation, Elder Law, Tax Law, Business & Succession Planning
© 2008 Boyd & Boyd, P.C. (Under License)
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